Global Smart Railways Market 2024-2030

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In crowded metropolitan areas with rising requirements due to population and economic expansion, public transportation systems demonstrate unrivalled capabilities, performance levels, and security.

In a world where environmental pressures are mounting, public transportation’s energy efficiency is a valuable advantage. Finally, public transportation encourages inclusive mobility and reduced travel costs.

Several factors have revolutionized mobility and, more especially, the applications for automobiles in recent years. The continual development of new technology such as machine learning, image analysis, and LIDAR makes it feasible to make autos driverless.

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Railway networks throughout the world are becoming increasingly congested; trains are travelling faster and carrying more passengers or larger axle loads than ever before.

As a result, the railway sector need new information technology (ITs) to keep up with its growth. Railway systems are now reliant on information technology almost as much as they are on physical assets, and this reliance is expanding as these systems confront increasing demands for resilience, durability, and capacity.

The framework and accompanying technologies for a smart railway based on the Internet of Things (IoT) and big data is of major growing importance within the current scenario.

There are, however, obstacles to developing a fully smart railway network of the future. Maintaining rail network reliability with near real-time access may be difficult.

It can be difficult to provide the end-to-end visibility required to generate insights throughout the railway network without enough nodes to bridge the gap between endpoint and cloud.

And rail executives are faced with the recurring task of acquiring a competitive advantage over other modes of transportation.

Smart railroads provide transportation executives with the chance to upgrade their fundamental technology and transportation infrastructure, laying the groundwork for a new and improved foundation that will fulfil today’s increasing demand for mobility.


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S No   Overview of Development  Development Detailing       Region of Development     Possible Future Outcomes

1          Indian Railways install smart windows in train for better passenger experience, maintain privacy           The smart windows provide a high level of optical quality, privacy, and reliability.  When the rail passenger on board the train turns on the light, the smart window will become ‘opaque’ in colour which in turn thwarts glare from outside. The ‘opaque’ feature of the window will it impossible for people outside the train to peep inside the coach. India   This would enhance better Technology



SI No  Timeline        Developments

1          Q1-2022         Indian Railways introduced 100 new Smart Coaches which will detect the damages in coaches while running, through its intelligent sensor based systems and it will report to the concerned authorities by sending notifications.

3          Q3-2021         Hitachi Rail introduced its innovative products in RSSI’s Communication & Signal Exhibition, the product’s innovation offers improved safety,  performance and quality. The products include Model 95-E gate crossing mechanism with electronic control module, advanced ViPro Vital Processor for PTC applications, Signal design & material packages for freight and commuter rails and Vital Onboard Train Control platform to improve safety and operations.


Smart railway technology provide higher earnings by maximizing accessible data from all parts of railway operation, such as terminal security and preparedness, train status, enhanced retail sales from terminal-side shopping options, or on-train purchases.

Railway operators may also boost efficiency by using a system-wide strategy to gather near-real-time data that can be utilized to improve decision-making. Furthermore, railways can boost partner and passenger satisfaction by transporting people and products in a safe, secure, efficient, and timely manner.

With countries opening up and demand for both passenger travel and freight transportation beginning to rebuild, rail operators must plan for recovery to ensure long-term viability and success in the post-pandemic world.

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Technology-driven innovation is quickly becoming a must for corporate survival. The epidemic has hastened the digitization of train transportation in nations with poor levels of digital services.

This is primarily to promote safer, less contaminated travel experiences. Because of improved rail market circumstances and shifting views regarding train travel, the pandemic may offer additional impetus to the migration of passengers from aircraft to trains.

Rail authorities place a high priority on condition-based and predictive maintenance solutions in order to improve efficiency and decrease time consumption.

These solutions aid in the prompt monitoring and effective scheduling of assets, resulting in less downtime. Condition-based and predictive maintenance are based on real-time data, reducing the need for manual diagnostics.

Rail asset data may be utilized to optimize rail asset use. It also allows for scheduled asset maintenance, as well as resource intensities and prices.

The initial cost of implementing smart railway technology is significant. The costs of financing a smart railway project may be a substantial constraint.


The Global Smart Railways Market can be segmented into following categories for further analysis.

  • Smart Railways Market By Solutions Technology
  • Passenger Information Systems
  • Freight Management Systems
  • Security and Safety Solutions
  • Rail Communication and Networking Systems
  • Smart Ticketing Systems
  • Rail Analytics System
  • Rail Operations and control Solutions.

Smart Railways Market By Product Technology

  • IOT
  • Sensor Technology
  • In Coach Systems Technology

Smart Railways Market By Combination of Application

  • Passenger Application
  • Freight Application
  • High Scale Public User Application

Smart Railways Market By Regional Classification

  • Asia Pacific Region – APAC
  • Middle East and Gulf Region
  • Africa Region
  • North America Region
  • Europe Region
  • Latin America and Caribbean Region


SI No  Timeline        Company       Developments

1          Q4-2021         Indian Railways       Indian Railways to make environment-friendly and eco smart of East Central Railway(ECR) under ECR eco smart by selecting 52 stations and it will install and maintain, mechanized cleaning system at major stations of the ECR

2          Q4-2021         Hitachi Rail   Hitachi Rail partnered with leading private high-speed rail operator ILSA from Spain under a 30 year agreement of contract worth EUR 737 million, for the maintenance of 20 new ILSA’s ETR 1000s trains.

3          Q4-2021         Toshiba Corporation           Toshiba Corporation to supply electric equipment for traction systems and permanent magnet synchronous motors for 25 new trains Korean based Busan Transportation Coporation’s Busan Metro Line 1 project

4          Q4-2021         Hitachi Rail   Hitachi Rail received new contract from Nordic Re-Finance to modernize and digitalization of Scandanvia’s Railways. Hitachi will supply its ERTMS+STM signalling systems to upgrade the trains to adapt modern technologies.

5          Q4-2021         Hitachi Rail   Hitachi Rail and Eversholt Rail developed an advanced hybrid powered technology for trains, both companies partnered to advance tri mode technology by introducing electric-diesel-battery train to reduce carbon emissions. The company plans to conduct trials on Great Western Railway Class 802 train, in 2022.


Rail must be able to compete on transit speed, terminal ease, dependability, and pricing, or it will lose out to aircraft. Smart Rail technology can help to make this happen.

Digital security and optical sensor systems, as well as other types of sensors (e.g., acoustic, thermal vibration, or chemical), may be combined with current databases and analytics to greatly increase consumer and worker security and public safety.

Optical sensing with real-time analytics capabilities can protect passengers, railway staff, and railway assets, resulting in improved on-the-spot or over-the-counter strategic decisions on how operations operate smoothly, efficiently, and safely.

For inter-car communications, both wireless and optical fibre can be used. However, the latter is less recommended since wiring a train for network connection can be expensive, and rewiring may be required each time the train is reconfigured.

Vehicle communications span a wide range of use applications. For example, information sent between two cars on the fly. It is typically a disabled one, out of range of a communication network that communicates data to another passing vehicle.

Furthermore, particular mechanical couplings that degrade fast in train operations might be avoided.

Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi), Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC), and Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access are now the primary technologies for inter-car communications (WiMAX).

The IEEE 802.15.4a standard for Ultra-wideband (UWB) is another viable technology for wireless connections. UWB connections are less susceptible to frequency selective fading.

If high data rates are not required, IEEE 802.11p may be a possibility. At 60 GHz carrier frequencies, new technologies like as millimeter Wave, IEEE 802.11ad, and Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communication systems are being studied.


Huawei’s Smart Railway Solutions are used on the new China-Laos train link, and Huawei is collaborating with Laotian telecom carriers to construct a high-speed network along the route. Passengers, as well as rural people along the route, will benefit from the reliable connection.

APAC’s smart railway systems market is dominated by China. This region’s market will expand at a quicker rate than the EU and US markets. The expansion of the smart railway systems market in Asia and Africa will be aided by the formation of megacities and an increase in investments in the development of the railway network.

Efficiency is the driving force behind Smart Railways. Automation, artificial intelligence (AI), and machine learning are among the advanced technologies that have the potential to transform the railway business.

In the railway sector, the adoption of digital technology will result in increased operational efficiency, cost savings, increased consumer value, and faster and better services. Integrated security, predictive maintenance, and asset management are just a few of the new digital applications.

The data will become more standardised, transparent, and scalable as a result, allowing operators to get improved insights and efficiency.

It will also open up diverse Asian and African hinterlands, where previously isolated, generally agricultural regions can be better connected to global communications just by being next to a railway line. As a result, local economies will be boosted.


SI No  Timeline        Company       Developments

1          Q4-2021         GE Electric     GE Electric’s total revenue in the third quarter ending in September is recorded at $18.4B.

2          Q4-2021         Thales Group            Thales Group announced overall sales revenue of €11.2 billion, with a growth of 6.2% from the previous year from the same period.

3          Q3-2021         Hitachi Rail   Hitachi Rail will acquire mainline and urban rail signaling business from Thales’ Ground Transportation Systems business for €1.66bn and the deal is expected to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2022.


Vision applications assist railways in improving security, measuring people movement, enabling smart parking at stations, and providing automated access management.

To defend the perimeter, railway operators can utilize optical sensors, thermal detection, alarm systems, and system connection. Track monitoring uses optical sensors, thermal detection, long-range vision, and panoramic mode to identify approaching and leaving trains.

Parking lot security uses licence plate recognition, optical detection, and parking guidance to safeguard parking lots and manage entry. Railway operators can also use optical sensors, licence plate recognition, questionable automobile alarms, and information to regulate traffic and monitor cars.

Hitachi Technology Group is developing new smart rail technologies which are focused on various component-based enhancements within the rail infrastructure.

High-function train information system that provides good information to passengers. It is possible to provide a variety of information with text and illustrations, such as an easy train operation guide, an appealing company advertisement with video and pictures, and business information with a wide view angle high definition IPS wide LCD panel, which is well-known in the household appliances industry, and its expressive power.

By digitizing transmission lines and IP networking, we were able to create an easy-to-install, high-quality, versatile, and extendable system.

The Traffic Management Systems is part of the new smart networking requirement, wherein the  ATOS is a large-scale autonomous decentralized system for implementing railway traffic control in densely populated areas within a 100-kilometer radius of Tokyo.

This systematises not just traditional automatic controls, but also maintenance operations, passenger information, and a variety of additional tasks.

Moxa Inc. Is one of the major developers of smart solutions majorly based on fidelity existence on various train structures on global scale.

Moxa offers 802.11n-rated onboard radio devices and roadside radio access points (APs) that enable dependable train-to-ground connection for communication-based train control (CBTC) and onboard surveillance video monitoring.

Moxa’s Turbo Roaming provides wireless handover in less than 50 milliseconds, which is critical for maintaining uninterrupted train-to-ground communication.

Moxa’s TAP devices offer redundant Wi-Fi connections to boost wireless availability by leveraging the latest Aero Protection technology.

Moxa’s train-to-ground radio systems include dual-band radios, an AC/DC power supply, and fibre switching to assist operators in managing train-to-ground communications for increased traffic safety and operational efficiency.

Moxa’s wayside Ethernet switches support 10GbE, GbE, Ethernet, and fiber-optic connectivity, as well as layer 3 traffic segregation, layer 2/3 millisecond-level multicast redundancy, wide operating temperature ranges, and EN 50121 capabilities, allowing diverse track equipment, signal, and control networks to be integrated into a single network backbone for long-term wayside operations.

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Companies Profiled

  • Hitachi Rail STS (Ansaldo)
  • Thales Group
  • Siemens AG
  • General Electric
  • Kawasaki Heavy Industries
  • Cisco Systems Inc.
  • IBM Corporation
  • ALE International
  • Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd
  • Moxa Inc.
  • Toshiba Corporation
  • Cyient Limited
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